last update: 6/12/2016

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Natural Environment of Epanomi lagoon and its wider coastal-marine zone

The area is characterized as Wildlife Refuge and is included in the European Ecological Network NATURA 2000, as:

The wetland is considered to be an important breeding, feeding and wintering ground for more than 186 bird species ( , 238 kb) many of which are protected by international (Annexes II & III of Bern Convention, Annexes I & II of Bonnes Convention) and European low (Annex I of Directive 79/409 “on the conservation of wild birds”). Moreover, the bird species Accipiter gentiles (Northern Goshawk), Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk), Anser albifrons (Greater White-fronted Goose), Aythya nyroca (Ferruginous Duck), Botaurus stellaris (Eurasian Bittern), Branta ruficollis (ReBranta ruficollis d-breasted Goose), Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon), Phalacrocorax pygmeus (Pygmy Cormorant) are included in the list of priority bird species for funding under Life. In addition it is an important site for wintering ducks and breeding, passage and wintering waders. Species of concern include Glareola praticola (Greywader). Other important bird species are: Cisticola juncialis and Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull).

Concerning the habitat types, 12 habitat types ( , 109 kb) of Annex I (92/43/EEC) were recorded in the area, two of which are priority habitat types. These two are marine habitat types: 1120* (Posidonia beds – Posidonion oceanicae) and 1150* (Coastal lagoons), the restoration of which is a main objective of “Accolagoons” project.

Moreover, into this site the plant species Pancratium maritimum (sea daffodil) is growing wild. As regards to fish species found in this site, worth mentioning are Aphanius fasciatus (South European toothcarp) (Annex II of 92/43/EEC) and Syngnathus abaster (black-striped pipefish).

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