last update: 6/12/2016

EXISTING STATUS & PROTECTION NECESSITY

Existing status & protection necessity

Over last decades, following increased coastal urbanisation and industrialisation, many coastal habitat types have disappeared or have been altered. Current main threats to the habitat are related to: water and sediment enrichment (eutrophication), the disruption of the sedimentation/erosion balance along the coast and direct destruction by human modifications of the coastline, degradation by boat trawling and anchoring, etc. The disappearance or even the degradation of the habitat types influence not only the characteristic plant species of the habitat, but all of the associated flora an fauna (birds, fishes, amphibians, mammals, reptiles, invertebrates).

In Aggelochori lagoon site, human impacts/activities that consist conservation/biodiversity problems and threats for the species and habitat types directly targeted by the project, include cultivation (as well as modification of cultivation practices), grazing, aquacultures, professional fishing (fixed location fishing), hunting, salt works, dispersed and other patterns of human habitation, discharges, communication networks, leisure and tourism, water pollution, etc. The impacts/activities influencing the project area more is the invasion by a plant species and the noise nuisance.

The major conservation / biodiversity problems and threats for the protected area, the habitats and the species, are:

Degradation of marine habitats. Marine habitats are affected by the above mentioned pressures, both directly through physical damages to the meadows and indirectly through the impact of water quality and sediment dynamics.

Pollution. Water discharges and litter in addition to other human activities (cultivation, aquacultures, human habitization, tourist/leisure activities, etc) in the area contribute to the pollution problems related to landscape aesthetics and vegetation and fauna conservation status occurring in marine environment, lagoons and land, as well.

Pressure on avifauna. The most important human impacts/activities in the area, consisting main threats towards habitats directly and bird species indirectly are, water pollution, fishing, illegal hunting, discharges, leisure and tourism, and noise nuisance. The rising human pressure during the last century and the exponential increase in tourist activities in the last decades have exerted negative consequences on bird populations.

Uncontrolled touristic/leisure activities. Several parts of this site are considered for touristic exploitation. However, the uncontrolled access into habitats and near to birds nesting / resting habitats, which is happening in the area, is detrimental for the conservation and restoration success of habitats and species of high importance.

Project Partners